2018高考英语十大热点话题词汇总结,翻译、阅读、作文全都能用到

编辑:小豹子/2018-09-26 17:03

  原标题:2018高考英语十大热点话题词汇总结,翻译、阅读、作文全都能用到!

  高中英语

  

  高考快要来了,同学们对于词汇掌握得怎么样了呢?在这里,小简老师结合近年来高考特点,特地为大家整理了2018年高考热点话题词汇,相信对大家的高考翻译、阅读和写作都大有帮助哦!

  热点话题一:中学生的爱好与兴趣

  基本词汇

  favorite (最喜欢的);

  taste (爱好,志趣);

  read novels (读小说);

  surf the Internet (上网); chat online (在线聊天);

  collect stamps (集邮);

  make friends (交友);

  climb mountains (爬山);

  enjoy pop music (喜欢流行音乐)

  亮点词汇

  develop an interest in (在……方面培养兴趣); be fond of (喜欢);

  be keen on (对……着迷); have a taste in (喜爱);

  hobby (业余爱好);

  be interested in (对……感兴趣);

  have a great love for (非常喜爱……)

  热点话题二:友谊

  基本词汇

  make friends with sb.(和某人交朋友);

  a strong personality (个性强);

  personal matters (私事);

  friendly (友好的);

  a close friend (一个亲密的朋友);

  trust each other (互相信任);

  share...with sb.(与某人分享);

  keep in touch with sb. (与某人保持联系);

  stay best friends with sb. (和某人保持很好的友谊);

  a friend in need (患难之交)

  亮点词汇

  get to know sb.(认识某人);

  know sb. very well(熟知某人);

  precious(珍贵的);

  worthy(有价值的);

  understanding(善解人意的);

  be loyal to(对……忠诚);

  keep sb. company.(陪伴,做伴)

  热点话题三 招聘与求职

  基本词汇

  employ(雇用);

  full|time(全职的);

  part|time(兼职的);

  well|paid(薪水高的);

  be paid by the hour(按小时发工资);

  subject(课程);

  working experience(工作经验);

  health(健康状况);

  present address(目前的地址);

  graduate from(毕业于);

  degree(学位);

  scholarship(奖学金);

  good grades(良好的成绩);

  be good at(擅长);

  experienced(有经验的);

  confident(自信的);

  English and computer ability(英语和计算机能力)

  亮点词汇

  requirement(要求);

  resume(简历);

  schooling(学校教育);

  qualification(资格,学历);

  tran (学生成绩报告单);

  apply for(申请);

  be skilled in/at(在……方面熟练);

  major in(主修);

  minor in(辅修)

  热点话题四 中学生健康问题

  基本词汇

  physical and mental condition(身体与精神状况);

  strong(强壮的);

  unhealthy/healthy(不健康的/健康的);

  fat(太胖的);

  thin(瘦的); nearsighted/short|sighted(近视的);

  normal(正常的);

  abnormal(不正常的);

  energetic(精力旺盛的); eating habit(饮食习惯);

  eat too much junk food (吃太多的垃圾食品);

  stay/keep healthy/fit(保持健康);

  enough sleep(充足的睡眠);

  good living habit(良好的生活习惯);

  lose weight(减肥) ;

  nutrition(营养)

  亮点词汇

  build up one's body/improve one's health(强身健体);

  ease the burden(减轻负担);

  be/go on a diet(节食);

  overweight(太胖的);

  take regular exercise(进行有规律的运动);

  proper diet(合理的饮食);

  be good for/do good to(对……有益处)

  热点话题五 校园文明与安全问题

  基本词汇

  school rules and regulations(学校规章制度);

  behave well(表现良好);

  be neatly dressed(穿戴整洁);

  respect one's teachers and parents(尊敬师长);

  be on time(准时);

  keep the environment clean(保持环境干净);

  break the rules(违反规定);

  spit(吐痰);

  cheat in the exam(考试作弊);

  get in line (排队);

  fight with sb.(与某人打架);

  punish sb. for (因……处罚某人)

  亮点词汇

  observe discipline(遵守纪律);

  civilized(文明的);

  be expected to(被期望);

  be of no good to (对……毫无益处)

  热点话题六:环境保护

  基本词汇

  pollute(污染);

  cut down trees(砍伐树木);

  waste water(废水);

  throw rubbish around(乱扔垃圾);

  protect the surroundings(保护周边环境);

  protect rare animals(保护稀有动物);

  improve the environment(改善环境);

  save energy(节省能源)

  亮点词汇

  do great harm to(给……带来很大危害)

  preserve/protect the ecological environment 保护生态环境

  raise people’s awareness of environment protection 提高人们的环保意识

  care for trees and plants 爱护树木花草

  ride bicycles to work 骑自行车上班

  recycle textbooks/trash 课本/垃圾回收利用

  take public transport 乘坐公共交通

  deal with rubbish properly 正确处理垃圾

  save energy/water 节约能源/水

  don’t litter/spit everywhere 不随地扔垃圾/吐痰

  sort the garbage 分类垃圾

  ban abusing plastic bags 禁止滥用塑料袋

  ban smoking in public places 禁止在公共场合吸烟

  热点话题七 和谐社会

  基本词汇

  harmonious(和谐的);

  honest(诚实的);

  credible (可信的);

  balanced(平衡的);

  social order(社会秩序);

  peaceful(和平的);

  sustainable development(可持续发展);

  help each other(互助);

  care for each other(互相关心);

  have a liking for (喜爱);

  build(创建);

  cherish(珍惜); public morals(社会道德)

  亮点词汇

  devote to(献身);

  be public|spirited(有公德心的);

  be concerned with (关心);

  live in harmony(和谐共处)

  热点话题八 现代技术

  基本词汇

  computer电脑 ; machine机器

  software软件; technique技术,技巧,技能

  equipment设备 ; science科学,自然科学

  experiment实验 ; research研究,调查

  project工程,项目 ; Internet因特网

  analyze分析 凤凰彩票官网(fh03.cc) ; conclude总结

  create创造 ; explore探索

  measure测量 ; reflect反射,反应

  search搜索 ; observe观察

  update更新,使现代化 ; simplify使简化

  accurate精确地 ; digital数字化的

  亮点词汇

  realize one’s dream实现某人的梦想

  have access tobe accessible能使用

  come true实现,成为现实

  be relatedlinked to与…有关联

  advanced science and technology先进的科学技术

  catch up with the advanced world levels赶上世界先进水平

  make a great difference有很大影响,有很大作用

  play an important role in在…起重要的作用

  make it possible for life to develop使得生命发展成为可能

  with the rapid development of science and technology随着科技的迅速发展

  热点话题九 语言学习

  基本词汇

  accumulate v. 积累,积聚

  approach n. 方法;途径

  base n. 基础 v. 以......为基础

  confuse v. 使迷惑;使混淆 ; 凤凰彩票娱乐平台(5557713.com) consistent adj. 一致的

  distinguish v. 辨别 explain vt. 解释,说明

  explanation n. 解释,说明

  explicit adj. 清楚明白的,易于理解的

  expression n. 词语,表达;表情

  fluent adj. 流利的,流畅的

  grammar n. 语法; improve v. 提高

  master vt. 精通,掌握 ; overcome v. 克服,解决

  pronounce v. 发音 ; standard n.&adj. 标准(的)

  review vt. 重新调查;回顾;复习 n. 复查,复习,评论

  revision n. 复习,温习; shortcoming n. 缺点,短处

  specific adj. 明确的,具体的,独特的

  vocabulary n. 词汇,词汇表

  亮点词汇

  bear (sth) in mind 记住(某事)

  enlarge one’s vocabulary 扩大词汇量

  express oneself in English fluently 用英语流利地表达思想

  form a habit 养成习惯

  give sb some advice on how to learn English 给某人就如何学英语提出一些建议

  have a good command of sth 精通......

  have a good knowledge of English 精通英语

  insist on 坚持

  improve writting skills 提高写作能力

  learn...by heart 用心记......

  take part in the English corner 参加英语角

  热点话题十热点话题

  基本词汇

  absorb v.吸收;吸引……的注意 activity n.活动;活跃

  admirer n.钦佩者;仰慕者 attitude n.态度;看法

  celebrity n.名人 circulate v.传播

  evolution n.进化;演变

  ever-increasingadj.不断增长的

  first-rateadj.第一流的,最上等的

  irresponsible adj.不负责任的;不可靠的

  mental adj.心理的;精神的

  moral adj.道德的;精神上的 negative adj.消极的;否定的

  observe vt.观察;注意到;遵守 phenomenon n.现象

  psychological adj.心理的;心理学的

  urgent adj.紧急的;急迫的

  warm-hearted adj.热忱的,热心肠的

  well-receivedadj.受到欢迎的

  亮点词汇

  adapt to适应于……

  be aware of意识到

  be classified as...被归类为……

  be devoted to专心于,献身于

  be ignorant of对……不知道,不了解

  broaden one’s horizon拓宽视野

  in favor of有利于;支持,赞同

  run into trouble陷入困境之中

  release the pressure释放压力

  result in导致

  control the population growth 控制人口增长

  lower the rate of teenage crime 降低青少年犯罪

  smart phone 智能手机

  deepen reform 深化改革

  the Scientific Outlook on Development 科学发展观

  follow the path of socialism with Chinese Characteristics 走中国特色社会主义道路

  we cannot ignore the fact that 无法忽视这一事实

  there is no denying the fact that 不可否认

  there is no doubt that; undoubtedly 毫无疑问

  责任编辑: